• Dr. Elizabeth Richardson - Health and Social Impacts of Gambling
    Document Synopsis:

    A City Report filed by Hamilton's Medical Officer of Health, Dr. Elizabeth Richardson, MD, MHSc, FRCPC

    In the report, Dr. Richardson provides Hamilton-specific statistics and makes recommendations to the Board of Health and Council about how Hamilton should approach gambling.

    "Evidence indicates that negative impacts of problem gambling can affect both individuals and the community. Individuals who develop problems with gambling can experience decreased well-being in both mental and physical health, financial crises, difficulties in relationships, co-morbid substance use, and difficulties in school or workplace. Communities can be impacted by the increases in bankruptcies, increase in alcohol related harms, and the 'ripple effect' of consequences that affect the friends and family of individuals who experience problem gambling"

  • Health Impacts of Gambling Expansion in Toronto
    Document Synopsis:

    The key findings of this report suggest that problem gambling increases with access to a casino, therefore any expansion in gambling access in the GTA over and above current levels will likely increase problem
    gambling rates and the associated health risks for Toronto and nearby communities. Consideration of the potential negative health impacts of establishing a new casino in Toronto must inform decision-making.

  • Gambling and Problem Gambling in Ontario - 2005
    Document Synopsis:

    While the majority of Ontarians gambled without problems, a significant number experienced problems related to their gambling. In this study, 2.6% had moderate gambling problems and 0.8% had severe gambling problems. This translated to approximately 253,857 individuals with moderate problems and 78,110 with severe gambling problems in the province of Ontario. The rates of moderate and severe gambling problems were similar to those observed in the 2001 Ontario gambling prevalence study.

    Also consistent with the 2001 prevalence study, the highest rates of gambling problems were among young adults. In this study, 6.9% of 18 to 24 year-olds had moderate to severe gambling problems. Clearly, this age group remains an important target group.

  • Ontario Youth Gambling Report 2005
    Document Synopsis:

    "Rates of substance abuse, mental health problems, and delinquency among adolescent problem gamblers appear to be very high. Our results confirm the results of other studies in demonstrating high rates of substance problems among adolescent problem gamblers (e.g., Barnes et al., 2005; Derevensky & Gupta, 2000), and provide a clear indication of the extent of that elevation. While alcohol problems were about three times more likely in the problem gambling group, the increased likelihood of other drug problems was even more pronounced, resulting in a six-times increase in the likelihood of any substance problem."

  • Demographic Sources of Ontario Gaming Revenue - 2004
    Document Synopsis:

    A study from 2004 looking at the sources of gaming revenue, and whether this revenue is coming from those who can afford to gamble. It also attempts to address the question of whether the economic benefits can outweigh the negative effects.

    "The study indicates that a substantial portion of gaming revenue derives from people who are negatively impacted by their involvement in this activity"

    "It is not clear that the benefits of gambling outweigh the negative effects in places that do not attract a substantial portion of their patrons from other jurisdictions (Grinols, 2004)."

  • Accountability and Social Responsibility in Ontario's Legal Gambling Regime
    Document Synopsis:

    From 2009, This report explores commercial gambling in Ontario in relation to standards of accountability, social responsiblity, and acting in the public interest. The report considers enabling legislation; documents the organization structures and policies used to administer legal gambling in Ontario; and reviews the academic literature on gambling administration in Ontario and other jurisdictions.

    "Consumer protection for gamblers is uncertain; citizens lack information with which to hold the government accountable for its gambling operations; responsible gambling initiatives are uninspired; and the government's inherent conflict of interest as both provider of gambling and beneficiary of gambling proceeds compromises its ability to operate and regulate the activity in the public interest"

  • Local Community Impacts of the Charity Casinos
    Document Synopsis:

    This document is the final of 11 reports documenting a study of the local social and economic impacts on four Ontario communities in which four charity casinos and one racetrack slot machine installation were opened in 1999 and 2000. The communities were the Village of Point Edward and Sarnia in Lambton County (home of the Point Edward Charity Casino and the slots at Hiawatha Horse Park), Sault Ste. Marie in Algoma County (Sault Ste. Marie Charity Casino), Brantford in Brant County (Brantford Charity Casino), and Thunder Bay (Thunder Bay Charity Casino).

    Selected Key Points:
    Impact on Tourism and the Hospitality Industry modest at best: For tourist and hospitality industry operators, there has been no windfall; most “visitor” casino patrons who come to gamble do not stay and do not spend significant amounts of money outside the casino. Community stakeholders do not consider that the casinos have become tourism destinations

    A sizeable number of problem gamblers in each community: Across all communities, there was a stable 2.4% of the population (before and after the casino opening) who were problem gamblers; however, “probable pathological” gamblers (with a more serious problem) increased from 1.5% to 2.5% after the casino openings.